12 volumes, Edited by the Historical Science Society of Japan,
Published by Iwanami Shoten, 2005-.

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The Historical Science Society of Japan has edited a collection of documents of world history, which is a long awaited enterprise for the students of history and is being published by Iwanami Shoten in 12 volumes.
Below are the main titles of documents included in each volume. Each document, though abbreviated, is taken from reliable source and has commentary by a specialist of the topic.

A Message from the Editors

With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 a “sea change” took place. In consequence, most people, including historians, had to revise the view of the world they had hitherto held, whatever position they had taken toward socialism, which was one of the elements greatly affecting the 20th century. On top of that our hope that the new century would be better than the 20th, a century of wars, was frustrated at the very start of the 21st, and is being so until today. In order to spin hopes for the future in this grim situation, it will do much to reinterpret history, above all world history, on the basis of sure sources.
The task of building up an image of world history was tackled in Japan right after World War II, especially by the teachers at schools. Historians also expanded their frontiers toward various areas of the world, overcoming the traditional framework centered on China and Europe. There were changes also in viewpoints in the sense that many new aspects such as ordinary life and groups outside of a nation state became the topics.
The editors of this series, “Sources of World History”, tried together with more than 500 contributors to make the most recent achievements of Japanese historical community reflected. It took more than 10 years to get it into shape. Sources of various nature that shed light to different ages and societies were chosen, and translated into Japanese mostly from the original. We flatter ourselves, this series is a great adventure that no other historical community would dare to. Let us hope that this series will be put into practical use both in research and education.

Masao Nishikawa


For the Editorial Committee of the series within

the Historical Science Society of Japan



Volume 1 The Ancient Orient and the Mediterranean World

Chapter 1: West Asia - before the Achaemenian dynasty
The formation and development of Cuneiform
The Code of Ur-Nammu
The Assyrian king’s campaigns into Syria-Palestine
The chariot horse training text in Hittite

Chapter 2: Egypt
The Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty
The Fifth Dynasty and the belief in solar deities
Farming in the era of the Middle Kingdom
The formation of the Valley of the Kings
Strikes of artisans
The Will of Naunakht
The Hymn to the Nile Inundation

Chapter 3: Ancient Greece
Land allocations and ownership forms in Pyrrhus’ Kingdom
Commerce in Archaic period
The Spartan politeia
The reform of Cleisthenes
The Corinthian War
The permission of the construction of precincts for merchants from Kition

Chapter 4: Rome
The founding of Rome
The Law of the Twelve Tables
Marius’ Reform of the Army
Adjudication of water rights for Hispanic cities
The Assassination of Caesar

Chapter 5: West Asia - After the Achaemenian dynasty
The conquest of Babylon by Alexander the Great
The diplomacy of Cleopatra
The Tax Law of Palmyra
Documents of Manichaeism


Volume 2 South Asia, Islamic World and Africa

Chapter 1: South Asia
On genealogy of the Indus script
The Laws of Manu
The taxation system in Kingdom of Nepal
The teaching of the Sufis and Nizamuddin
The establishment and management of The Taj Mahal
The groups and system of caste
The peace treaty between the Kings of Bhaktapur and Kathmandu

Chapter 2: Middle East in the pre-modern era
The crystallized Koran
The Great Conquest by Arabs
The prosperity of Cordoba
The assassination of Nizam al-Mulk
The Crusades entered Jerusalem
The Constructing of the Alhambra palace
The Battle of Kosovob
Learning to voyage the oceans.

Chapter 3: The world of Africa
The pilgrimage to Mecca by Mansa Musa I
The Kilwa Chronicle
The great Zimbabwe
The Kanem Empire near Lake Chad
The Letter from Congolese king of Afonso to the king of Portugal

Chapter 4: The world of the Indian Ocean
The success of the Muslim merchants
The Karimi and the trade of Indian Ocean
The Muslim high officials in the dynasty of Ayutthaya
The occupation of Goa.


Volume 3 East Asia, Inner Asia and South East Asia I: Until the Tenth century

Chapter 1: China ― Yin and Zhou, Qin and Han
The legend of the flood control by Yu the Great
The Five Overlords of the Spring and Autumn Period
The burning books on the Chinese classics and burying Confucian scholars alive
Changan, the capital and the bustle of its environs
The politics of Guang Wu Di
The Dian Kingdom in Yunnan and the gold seal
Sima Qian and Ban Gu

Chapter 2: Wei, Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties
The Nine rank System
The Yongjia Rebellion
The Tuntian system of Wei
The Dunhuang and Turfan manuscripts
Kumarajiva
The emperors of Northern Wei and Taoism

Chapter 3: Sui and Tang
The foundation of the Imperial examination
The establishment of the codes of laws and ethics
The canal construction by Emperor Wen of Sui
The trade between Emperor Yang of Sui and the Western Regions
The reign of Wu Zetian

Chapter 4: Korea and Japan
The Record of Japan in the History of Wei
The Japanese embassies to Sui Dynasty
The Tang invasion of Goguryeo
The trade between Silla and Japan
The Japanese diplomatic message to Balhae

Chapter 5: Inner Asia
Equestrian nomadic state and its shamanism
The Xiongnu’s rule over the Western Regions
The Western Tujue’s rule over Central Asia
The commerce of the Sogdians
The West Uighur Kingdom and Manichaeism
The royal lineage of the ancient Tibetan kingdom

Chapter 6: South Esat Asia
The Dong Son culture in the Bronze Age
The Myth about the founding of Funan
The formation of the Khmer Empire
The theology of Java


Volume 4 East Asia, Inner Asia and South East Asia II: The Tenth-Eighteenth centuries

Chapter 1: Song, Liao, Jin and Western Xia
Rising of the Western Xia Dynasty
The Flourish of Kaifeng
The Wang Anshi’s new law (xin fa)
The Jingkang Disaster
The Society and Culture of Khitan
Teachings of Zhu Xi

Chapter 2: The Mongol Empire
The Meeting of Temüjin and Wang Khan of Kerait
Yelü Chucai
The Shaman and divination in Mongol
The Flourish of Quanzhou
The Astronomy in the Yuan Dynasty

Chapter 3: Ming and Qing.
Portuguese Voyages to China
The Li Zicheng’s rebellion
The succession to the Throne by Huang Taiji
The Conquest of East Turkestan by the Qing Dynasty
Merchants of Shanxi and Huizhou
The production of chinaware in Jingdezhen
The Jesuit Mission in China

Chapter 4: Korea and Japan
The forgrien affair of the Goryeo Dynasty
The Mongol invasions of Japan
Wokou (Japanese pirates)
“Kangou” trade
The system of “Saku-hou”
The marrage system in the Joseon Dynasty
The second Manchu invasion of Korea

Chapter 5: Inner Asia
The Domination of East Turkestan by the Qing Dynasty
The establishment of the Timurid dynasty
The Campaign of Bukhara
The Prosperity of Oirats
The 3rd Dalai Lama’s Mission in Mongol
The Dzungar’s occupation in Tibet
The Gurkha regiments

Chapter 6: South East Asia
The Chola Dynasty’s conquest of Srivijaya
The penal laws in Vietnam ruled by the Lê Dynasty
The Spanish domination in Philippine
The Islamization in Java
Trades by the Red seal ships and Japanese town
The Bongaya Agreement


Volume 5 The Emergence and Expansion of European World

Chapter 1: The formation of the European World
The Druids and the Gaulish society
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
The reign of the Visigothic king
The Muslim invasion of Spain
The decree of Frankfort

Chapter 2: The development of the Medieval European World
The code of Uppland
The Kalmar Union
The Magna Carta
The Trial of Joan of Arc
The Wars of the Roses
The beginning of the Reconquista
The Battle of Campaldino

Chapter 3: The European societies and religions
The Capitulary de Villis of Charlemagne
The Protection of the Jews
The foundation of the Hansa cities
Financial conditions in the medieval cities
The prosperity of Venice
The Rule of Saint Benedict
The Council of Constance
The deportation of the Muslims in the Kingdom of Castile
The execution of witches by burning

Chapter 4: The road to sovereign states ― the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
The “Livornia ” - De’ Medici Charter of Toleration for Livorno
The Surrender Agreement of Granada
The Treaty of Basel
The Petition of Right
The Elizabethan Poor Law
The Treaty of Nerchinsk


Volume 6 From Formations of European Modern Society to Imperialism: The Eighteenth-Nineteenth centuries

Chapter 1: The Age of Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution.
The Bill of Rights 1689
The steam engine of Watt
The Constitution of 1793
The organisation of public education system
The fall of the Holy Roman Empire
The establishment of the German Confederation
The Peninsular War and the origin of guerrilla
The Bering’s expedition to Kamchatka

Chapter 2: The Vienna system and the reformation of European nations.
The recognition of the permanently neutrality of Switzerland
The Belgian constitution
The universal suffrage in France
The September uprising in Frankfurt in 1848
The language policy in Switzerland
The International exhibition in London (The Great Exhibition)
The treaty of Prague

Chapter 3: The Age of Imperialism
The South African War
The Paris Commune
The centenary of the French Revolution
The Countermeasure against the socialists by Bismarck
The Movement of “Fasci siciliani”
The Bloody Sunday
The Treaty of Berlin in 1878
The Hague Conventions

Chapter 4: The Societies and Cultures in the Modern Europe
The Ruled peasants in Denmark
The Emancipation Reform of 1861 in Russia
The Great Lisbon Earthquake
The safeguard against the Indian cotton cloths import
Haussmann's renovation of Paris
The women’s suffrage in the Scandinavian nations
The racism


Volume 7 North and South America: From the World of Indigenous Peoples to the Ninetieth Century

Chapter 1: The Native Americans and the Settlers
The Aztec Calendar
The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha
The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean by Balboa
The audience with the Inca King Atahualpa
The Mayflower Compact
The dietary life of the indigenous peoples in Northern Canada

Chapter 2: The formation of the colonial societies
The Account of Las Casas
The Jesuit Reductions
The plantation economy in the South
The Maryland Toleration Act
The Pequot War

Chapter 3: Between independence and non-Independence
The United States Constitution
The Quebec Resolutions
The declaration of the revolutionary council of the Cuban island
The relocation of the Portuguese royal court to Brazil

Chapter 4: Developments and Social Transformations
The President Jackson’s Veto Massage
The Emancipation Proclamation
The railways and the nation building in Argentina
An account of fur trade
The merger between the Hudson’s Bay Company and the North West Company

Chapter 5: National integration and recognition of oneself and others
The Indian Removal Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act
The women’s suffrage Movement
The abolition of slavery and the introduction of Asian immigration

Chapter 6: The nation building and the foreign relations
The Monroe Doctrine
The Mexican-American War
The American Anti-Imperialist League
The platform of the American Anti-Imperialist League
The Dollar Diplomacy
The argument for a commercial union between the United States and Canada
The Platt Amendment


Volume 8 Imperialism and Resistances in South Asia, Middle East and Africa

Chapter 1: South Asia
The system of irrigation rights in the river of Kaveri
The prohibition against the Sati
The Hindu widows remarriage act
The idea of anti-caste
The establishment of the Indian National Congress
The Tilak’s idea of Imperialism
The movement against the Partition of Bengal

Chapter 2: Middle East
The reformation of local administration system in the Ottoman Empire
The Resistance against France in Algeria
The Baghdad Railway
The construction of the Suez Canal
The Treaty of Fez
The Anglo-Afghan Wars

Chapter 3: Sub-Saharan Africa
The settlement of Liberia
The Epic poem in Swahili, “Utendi wa Tambuka”
The Sand River Convention
The slavery in the Cape Colony
The resistance by Lat Dior
The Anglo-Ashanti war
The establishment of the South African Native National Congress /


Volume 9 Imperialism and Local Resistances: East Asia, Inner Asia, South East Asia and Oceania

Chapter 1: China 1
The opium problem
The Treaty of Nanking and the cession of Hongkong
The Treaty of Tientsin
The Sino-Japanese Amity Treaty
The transformation of the Ryukyu’s tributary trade
The foundation of Shenbao
The popular belief in Sichuan
Marine transport and the China Merchants’ Steam Navigation Co.
The development of Fujian tea trade

Chapter 2: China 2
The Triple Intervention
The advance of Germany and the construction of Qingdao
The commencement of the Boxer War
The Outline of the Imperial Constitution
The self-government in Shanghai
The establishment of the Chinese Revolutionary Party

Chapter 3: Inner Asia
The Han settlement of Xingjiang
The Jadid movement
The seizure of Mongolia by the Yuan Shikai’s regime
The Tibetan declaration of independence

Chapter 4: Korea
The introduction and the oppression of the Roman Catholicism
The rice riot in Seoul
The US-Korea Amity and Trade Treaty
The Donghak peasant uprising
The Struggles of the Anti-Japanese Righteous Army
The opinion of An Jung-geun

Chapter 5: South East Asia
The Anglo-Burmese Wars
The Chakri Reformation in Siam
The Achinese war
The British policy to divide and rule Malacca

Chapter 6: Oceania
The gold rush
The White Australia policy
The Maori Wars
The arrival of Captain James Cook
Trades in the Melanesian region
The Japanese governance in the South Sea Islands


Volume 10 World in the Twentieth Century I: Two World Wars

Chapter 1: The World War I and the Russian Revolution
The Anglo-Japanese Alliance
The Resolution adopted at the Seventh International Socialist Congress at Stuttgart
The new cultural movement in China
The Declaration of Independence of Ireland
The peasantry movement in Bulgaria
The thought by Gramsci
The Treaty of Versailles

Chapter 2: The post-war regimes and the Nationalism movements.
The resistance of the discriminated people in Korea
The revolutionary idea by Sun Wen
The Immigration Act of 1924 in the United States
The Ceylon National Congress
The first Pan-African congress
The Mexican Muralista Art Movement

Chapter 3: The transformation in the 1930s
The labor policy of the New Deal
The life of the people under the Nazi regime
The Italo-Abyssinian wars
The Xi’an Incident
The German-Soviet Non-aggression Pact
The separatist movement in Pakistan
The nationalization of the oil industry in Mexico

Chapter 4: World War Ⅱ
The outbreak of the total war between China and Japan
The Atlantic Charter
The social welfare policy in Britain
The National Covenant in Lebanon
The formation of the Viet Minh (The League for the Independence of Vietnam)
The Greater East Asia Conference
The independence of Indonesia
The Yalta Agreement
The Potsdam Conference


Volume 11 World in the Twentieth Century II: Post - World War Ⅱ Era - Cold War and Developments

Chapter 1: The developments of popular movements in the postwar period
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East
The 38th parallel and the formation of the Republic of Korea
The formation of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Government
The Assassination of Gandhi
The formation of the Arab League
The Palestine problem

Chapter 2: The Cold War and regional integrations
The Marshall Plan
The Division of Germany
The formation of COMECON
The Geneva Accords
The Russell-Einstein Manifesto
The Sino-Soviet border conflict

Chapter 3: The rise of the Third World
The Iraqi Revolution
The Eisenhower Doctrine
The dairy of Che Guevara
The Untouchablilty (Offence) Act
The Zanzibar Revolution
The Velasco Government
The martial law of Marcos

Chapter 4: The watershed of the postwar world
The Prague Spring
Reverend King and the civil rights movement
The oil crisis
The dissemination of Agent Orange
Famines in Ethiopia
The Gwangju Uprising
The Great Cultural Revolution
The Pol Pot Government
Prestroika

Chapter 5: Reorganization of the capitalist system
The Smithsonian Agreement
The Rambouillet Declaration
The Iran-Iraq War
The United States Conference on the Environment


Volume 12 Toward the Twenty-first Century: The End of Cold War and Gulf War

Chapter 1: The end of “the Short Twentieth Century”
The reunification of Germany
The Chechen wars
The independence of Namibia
The Gulf Crisis
The rise of the Taliban
The Oslo Accords
Developments of NGO and NPO movements

Chapter 2: Early-Modern Japan and World History
The round of inspection by a Jesuit missionary
The history of Japan-Dutch negotiations in the seventieth century
The diaries kept by the Kapitans of the Dutch factory in Japan
Early-Modern Japan in the view of Silhak scholars
The court journey to the shogun in Edo by Siebold
Seiyo Kibun (Accounts of the West)

Chapter 3: Modern Japan and World History
The personal letters from the Dutch kings
The Prussian Expedition to East Asia
The Namamugi Incident
The Pan-Asianism Speech by Sun Yat-Sen
The Manchurian Incident
The Great Power’s perception about the detachment of the Japanese troops on the occasion of the Boxer Rebellion
The analysis of the naval situation of the Far East by the British Foreign Office

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